Uric Acid, Gout & Hyperuricemia image

Uric Acid: Step-by-Step Understanding

Uric acid is the root of all gout pain.

But how can a weak compound like uric acid cause so much pain and misery?

When you understand the answer to that question, you will be in a much better position to understand and manage your uric acid.

I know many people want simple answers and clear instructions to manage their gout. I provide help pages on all aspects of uric acid. So that you can find practical answers fast. However, I believe that you will get better treatment if you understand gout better.

To understand gout, you need to understand its root cause – uric acid.

These guidelines cover the following topics:

  1. What Is Gout?
  2. Understanding Uric Acid
  3. Hyperuricemia
  4. The Uric Acid Gout Pain Pathway

These are my summaries of uric acid studies and investigations that help you understand the nature of uric acid and how it affects your gout. Please note that I am currently reviewing all pages in this section. Because I am changing them to step-by-step formats. So, if you want an email notice when I republish pages, please subscribe to my free update service.

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What Is Gout?

My simple definition is:

An immune system reaction to uric acid crystals.

I explain that in more detail below, but answering “What is gout?” is clearer if I explain what it is not. There are many misunderstandings about all aspects of gout and uric acid. Because reckless publishers on the Internet are propagating these myths. My purpose is to expose these myths and establish facts. Learning why these myths are false is also a great way to test your health advisers. Do they really know gout, or are they just spouting outdated trash? Find out in my What Is Gout guidelines.

Understanding Uric Acid

Uric Acid and HyperuricemiaThese articles explain what uric acid is, why we need it, and how various factors can cause uric acid to go out of control.

Uric Acid Level
Your uric acid level is vital to help you fix your gout. But when you start checking you see it fluctuate. Don’t worry – just look for a healthy range.
Uric Acid Test
Uric acid tests are vital to diagnosing and treating gout. How do you know which test you need? What do test results mean? Get the right test now.
Uric Acid Test Kit
A test kit is easy to use, yet provides vital information on your uric acid levels. It helps you stay in control of your gout, but don’t even think of buying one without reading these guidelines.
Uric Acid Levels Chart
Uric acid levels can be confusing, with different scales. Use this chart to see what your test results really mean.

Understanding uric acid levels is the most important thing you need to learn to control your gout. You cannot rely on doctors, as many simply do not understand what the levels mean. Check your levels today then see my advice if they are:

Never settle for high, low, or normal. Always insist on getting your levels safe.

Uric Acid Concentration
Concentration is measured by the amount of uric acid dissolved in your blood. It is vital to know your number, but what does mg/dL mean? Use this calculator for easy conversion between different scales.
Normal Uric Acid Levels
Normal uric acid is a common target for gout treatment, but what does it really mean. Learn to avoid using normal for uric acid levels, as it is widely misused and dangerous for gout control.
High Uric Acid Levels
Though we know that elevated uric acid is one of the main symptoms of gout. How high is too high? See why you have to have your own personal targets.


Hyperuricemia means uric acid is too high. But how high is too high? Learn the secrets of hyperuricemia to discuss it with your doctor. Fix it & you fix gout.

Uric Acid Pain Pathway

U-D-R-P The Uric Acid Pain Pathway
U-D-R-P The Uric Acid Pain Pathway
The Uric Acid Pain Pathway starts with high uric acid, and ends when you get it under control. The pathway broadly consists of four steps:

High Uric Acid

The pages explain how increased uric acid occurs, and how changing uric acid levels cause crystals to form or dissolve.

Uric Acid Crystals

These articles explain how crystals form deposits in different parts of the body, how those uric acid deposits cause immune system response, and how the deposits can also cause permanent physical damage to joints (bones, cartilage, ligaments, and tendons) and organs. When organ damage occurs, it usually involves skin, kidneys and heart, but all organs are at risk, as I explain in my tophi guidelines.

Uric Acid Blood & Immune Response

These articles explain how acute gout pain arises from the immune system response to invading uric acid crystals. This response is the R in UDRP – a reaction that produces joint inflammation which leads to the pain of an acute gout flare.

Uric Acid Gout Pain

These articles discuss different manifestations of gout pain, and how permanent solutions to pain require uric acid control before irreversible physical damage leads to surgery.

Though the main symptom is pain, overloading the immune system causes many more symptoms including fever, chills, loss of appetite, and a general feeling of being ill that might cause anxiety.

My detailed explanations of symptoms are coming soon.

Other Uric Acid Pain Pathway Issues

Please see my original explanation of the UDRP Uric Acid Pain Pathway:-

Knowing the causes of gout helps you overcome it
All causes of gout relate to uric acid. Understand what is happening and you are better placed to overcome pain. Also, reduce the chance of repeat attacks.

It has stood the test of time, being a prime resource for explaining how uric acid causes gout pain. If you can think of any ways to improve it, please let me know in the uric acid forums.

Next Uric Acid Steps

You have learned that uric acid lies at the heart of gout. So, to manage gout properly you have to understand uric acid and the three different ways it causes pain.

Read all the pages in this section to get the fullest understanding of uric acid.

If you continue to be confused by uric acid, you should discuss it in the Uric Acid Forums.

Uric Acid Document Change History

Uric Acid Document Change HistoryTo read the document change history, click the GoutPal History image on the right.

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