An old discussion about gout and iron has been woken this week.
It is not really a topic that has ever gone away. Though not discussed in detail recently, I mention the relationship between excess iron and gout in many discussions. I also include it in many guidelines, including causes of gout in the Gout Symptoms guidelines, and gout foods to avoid in the Gout Diet guidelines.
For me, the turning point in recognizing the importance of iron for gout sufferers came when I heard about Facchini’s experiments with blood donation as a way to control gout. That research is cited in a more recent analysis of gout and iron. In a letter to the Rheumatology journal, Mascitelli, Pezzetta, and Goldstein offer a possible explanation of how iron affects uric acid and gout.
They believe that the key is inflammation, noting that it is the common link between iron overload and increased gout and heart disease. They refer to some interesting science explaining how uric acid binds with free iron, and exploring links between iron and inflammation. Their remarks include:
We propose that iron may represent a factor that triggers inflammation and heightens cardiovascular risk in gouty patients.
Accumulating evidence suggests that gout is a disease of iron overload. […]
Therefore, iron may represent an important biological link between gout and cardiovascular disease.
This, in turn, leads me to an interesting conclusion.
Vital Aspects Of Gout And Iron
The typical Western Diet is well known for it’s high iron content. I will cover this in more detail in separate articles, but we know that red meat is a rich source of iron. Coupled with iron-fortified foods, it is very difficult for many gout sufferers to exercise dietary control of iron.
The easy answer is to take uric acid lowering drugs such as allopurinol. A common cry in the gout forums, when people seek ways to lower uric acid through diet, is: “Take allopurinol, and you can eat what you like.”
Now we can see, there are real problems with uric acid lowering drugs as the only solution. It is vital to control uric acid as gout is a destructive disease. Left untreated, excess uric acid will destroy joints, and also damage all other organs including heart and kidneys. But, it is also vital to protect important organs from the ravages of iron overload. We need to find ways to control both uric acid and iron overload.
For some time now, I have advocated an alkalizing diet or a Mediterranean style diet as healthy options for gout sufferers. I will look at these again to ensure that they do not leave you at risk of iron overload.
Expect some gout diet updates regarding iron soon. In the meantime, please discuss gout and iron in the gout forum.
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